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What have you learned from sewage accidents in which nearly 100 sewage treatment workers died in the past ten years?

2019-04-12 09:17:00 799

China's sewage treatment casualties frequently occur. In the final analysis, they are caused due to weak safety awareness and the failure to implement the safety training and measures in the end. Many accidents that can be avoided are common in sewage treatment plants. This article summarized 47 accidents of sewage treatment plants in the past ten years, summarized characteristics of sewage treatment accidents through comprehensive analysis and discussion, and proposed suggestions for reducing accidents in sewage treatment plants.

Frequent occurring of sewage treatment plant accidents

      On March 3, 2008, a mud spray accident occurred during the daily maintenance of a primary sedimentation tank dredge pumping station at Gaobeidian Wastewater Treatment Plant of Beijing Urban Drainage Co., Ltd. The accident resulted in that four people died and seven people were poisoned. At the beginning of 2010, a large-scale power outage occurred in the sewage treatment branch of Shandong Boxing Xiangchi Group. Four people of the sewage treatment branch, including the manager, were unfortunately poisoned with hydrogen sulfide when the power supply to the primary sedimentation tank was restored. All four people were killed in the accident. On July 2, 2014, employees of Xingtai City Sewage Treatment Plant of Xingtai Water Industry Group in Xingtai City suffered a poisoning accident during the replacement of the venting valve in the venting well, resulting in two deaths and one injury. On May 29, 2017, the sewage treatment plant of Ousai Leather Co., Ltd. in Xinji City, Hebei had a poisoning accident in the process of repairing the aeration tank motor, resulting in four deaths and two injuries, etc. From the occurrence of these accidents, the occurrence of accidents in the sewage treatment plants will not only damage the safety of life and property, but most importantly it will hinder the safe operation of the sewage treatment plant and lag behind the treatment of the water environment.
     Statistics and analysis of 47 accident cases with typical representative significance in the sewage treatment plants in China in the past ten years were performed. The characteristics of the accidents of sewage treatment plants were comprehensively analyzed, and the law of accidents was summarized. Through comprehensive analysis and discussion, the methods for reducing the accidents of sewage treatment plants and ensuring their safe and normal operation were proposed. In the technology of strengthening personal protective equipment, we should learn the use of safety devices and the reasonable installation of ventilation devices, follow the rules when using gas detectors, and strengthen security education.

Statistical analysis of accidents in sewage treatment plants

Through the analysis and research on the actual 47 accident cases of sewage treatment plants, it mainly summarized the time of the accident, the number of casualties, the type characteristics of the accident, and finally the characteristics and statistics and analysis were performed on characteristics and laws of the accident, thereby providing the data theory with reference value for early prevention of sewage treatment plant accidents.

 

 

1:47起污水處理廠事故月度分析

Fig. 1: Monthly analysis of 47 sewage treatment plant accidents

事故起數

Number of accidents

死亡人數

Number of deaths

受傷人數

Number of injuries

1

January

2

February

3

March

4

April

5

May

6

June

7

July

8

August

9

September

10

October

11

November

12

December

It can be seen from the analysis and statistics of the incident that the high incidence of sewage treatment plant accidents is from May to September.
      Analysis of the time of the accident: Because it is hot in most of China's regions from May to September, sewage and sludge in this high temperature condition plus anoxic environment are prone to produce harmful gases, and the too high temperature will also accelerate the volatilization of the gas, so the sewage treatment plant staff are prone to poisoning incidents at this time; from October to April of the next year, the temperatures in many regions will obviously decrease, which is a hindrance to the generation of harmful gases, so the generation and volatilization of toxic gases during this period are relatively weak compared to May to September, and it is not prone to accidents. Therefore, through comparative analysis, we can see that from May to September, due to the increase in temperature, it easily causes the generation and volatilization of toxic and harmful gases, and the possibility of accidents will be relatively large.

In the 47 sewage plant accidents, there were 16 ordinary accidents, accounting for 40% of the total accidents, and 24 large accidents, accounting for 60% of the total accidents. Therefore, the accidents of sewage treatment plants in China are mainly ordinary accidents and large accidents, and the proportion of large accidents is obviously higher, but it can be seen that there are fewer major and particularly serious accidents.

Type of accident and cause of the accident

By classifying and summarizing 47 sewage plant accidents cases collected, we can see that the accident cause ranking first is poisoning and suffocation, and accidents caused thereby account for 71% of the total accidents. The second place is the structure collapse, and the third place is drowning. In addition, there are water inrush, electric shock, explosion accidents, etc. It can be seen from the analysis conclusion that the main type of accidents in sewage treatment plants is poisoning and suffocation accidents, which are also the focus and difficulty in changing the safe living state of sewage treatment plants.

 

247起污水處理廠事故類型

Fig. 2: Type of sewage treatment plant accidents

中毒窒息

Poisoning and suffocation

坍塌

Collapse

淹溺

Drowning

透水

Water inrush

觸電

Electric shock

爆炸

Explode


In the analysis and research, the substances of poisoning suffocation were counted and classified. The results show that hydrogen sulfide mainly causes poisoning accidents, and biogas mainly causes suffocation accidents.

 

3:中毒窒息事故物質分析

Fig. 3: Material analysis of poisoning and suffocation accidents

沼氣

Biogas

硫化氫

Hydrogen sulfide


   Through the analysis and statistics of the poisoning and suffocation accidents in the total accidents, we can see that no checking of the failure of workers’ personal protective articles according to the regulations and no use of personal protective articles are the main causes of accident casualties. Defects of the devices run by the sewage treatment plant are also one of causes of casualties in an accident. Poor ventilation, incorrect operation, risky entry into dangerous places, improper storage of articles and the like also cause the poisoning and suffocation accidents. In view of the above, in order to reduce the occurrence of casualties caused by poisoning and suffocation, it is a key means to ensure that workers’ protective articles are effective and are used correctly.


4:中毒窒息事故原因分析

Fig. 4: Analysis of the causes of poisoning and Suffocation accidents

不明

Unknown reasons

物體存放不當

Improper storage of articles

冒險進入危險場所

 Risky entry into dangerous places

操作錯誤

Incorrect operation

通風不良

Poor ventilation

設備缺陷

Device defects

個人防護用品失效或者未使用

Failure or no use of personal protective articles


The occurrence of accidents is always caused by a combination of various reasons. In the 40 sewage treatment plant accidents we counted above, there were 18 accidents that caused more casualties due to blind rescue without rescue conditions and common sense in rescue, accounting for 43% of the total accidents. There were 10 accidents caused by poor ventilation in the working environment, accounting for 25.4% of the total accidents. Therefore, it can be seen that if poisoning and suffocation accidents occur, the standard and scientific rescue process is an effective way to reduce the accidents of the sewage treatment plants.

 

547起污水處理廠事故發生位置

Fig. 5: Locations of 47 sewage treatment plant accidents

檢查井  

Inspection well

污水池

Sewage pool

管網

Pipe network

溝槽

Trench

污泥池

Sludge tank

污泥脫水機房

Sludge dehydration machine room

進水口格栅間

Water inlet grill

污水處理設備

Sewage treatment device

雨水井

Catch basin

進水井

Inlet well

沼氣池

Biogas digester

不明

Unclear reasons

After analysis and research on 47 sewage treatment plant accidents, it can be seen that the main locations of accidents are inspection wells, sewage pools, pipe networks, trenches, etc.

Analysis results of sewage treatment plant accidents

Through analysis and discussion on the above-mentioned 47 accidents of sewage treatment plants in China, we concluded: seasonality is a major law in the occurrence of accidents in sewage treatment plants; from May to September in most of regions in China, the temperature is high, and the accident rate of sewage treatment plants is high. In contrast, from October to April of the next year, the temperature in the whole country is reduced, and the accident rate of sewage treatment plants is low.

As for the level of accidents in China's sewage treatment plants, the incidence of ordinary accidents and large accidents is high, while the occurrence of major accidents is relatively small, and the incidence of large accidents is higher than that of ordinary accidents.
Through statistics and analysis of the types of accidents in China's sewage treatment plants, it can be seen that the types of accidents in sewage treatment plants are mainly: poisoning and suffocation, drowning, explosion, electric shock, water inrush, etc., and the most common type of accident is the poisoning and suffocation accident. With respect to the causes of the poisoning accident, hydrogen sulfide is the main cause of poisoning accidents, and biogas is the main cause of suffocation accidents. Moreover, the main cause of personal injury to workers in poisoning accidents is that the personal protective article has lost its effect or the protective article is not used during the operation period according to the rules. Moreover, the defects of the sewage treatment plant devices, incorrect operations, the failure of the facilities to meet the prescribed standards, and poor ventilation are the causes of casualties, but the use problem of personal protective articles is the main cause of casualties in poisoning and suffocation accidents.


Suggestion on Special operation safety of sewage treatment plants

In order to reduce and prevent accidents in sewage treatment plants, reduce unnecessary casualties, and ensure the safe operation of sewage treatment plants, it is suggested that sewage treatment plants:

1. Strengthen the safety education for staff, improve the professional quality of the staff, and improve the safety awareness of the staff.

2. Execute the ticket system of the responsible person, strengthen the management of restricted and flame operation tickets, implement the responsibility system, formulate the guardian assessment system, ensure security management of taking a job with a certificate and having no right for guardian if there is no certificate.

3. Strengthen the inspection, storage, maintenance and the like of personal protective articles, and ensure that the personal protective articles of the staff have good performance in specific work operations to facilitate use, and also learn to use some safety devices and detectors for harmful gases, etc.

4. The restricted space of the sewage treatment plant must be operated with the certificate, and it must be analyzed and monitored to be qualified before the operator enters. The operator must wear a flammable gas and air alarm to monitor the working environment. If necessary, ventilation operation is performed, the guardian must be responsible for guardianship. If it is found that the toxic and harmful gas does not meet the work requirements, it should immediately stop working and withdraw the operator to avoid the accident.

5. Learn the necessary first aid and emergency rescue skills. A considerable part of the reasons of the accident occurring is that the operator performs blind rescue without professional rescue knowledge, thereby causing unnecessary casualties, so the operator also needs to learn the necessary first aid methods to avoid the greater casualties caused by blind rescues in the event of an accident.

Source: Journal of Safety Science and Technology   Author: Liu Ning